The Group finances itself primarily from long-term finance leases, trade payables, season tickets paid for in advance and payments from sponsors. The related risks arising comprise fair value risks (interest-rate-related cash flow risks), liquidity risks and credit risks. On the other hand, the Group is not exposed to any significant currency risks. The methods of managing the individual types of risk are described in the following.
Interest rate risks
Interest rate risks relate to the risk that the interest rate associated with an interest-bearing financial instrument will deviate from the market interest rate due to future market developments. Interest rate risks can therefore arise from floating-rate loans, among other things. These risks are hedged using appropriate interest hedging instruments. Because Borussia Dortmund currently does not have any floating-rate loans or interest rate swaps, there is no necessity for hedges.
Sensitivity analysis (interest rate risk)
Sensitivity analyses are used to measure how sensitive financial ratios are to small changes in input parameters. Because Borussia Dortmund currently does not have any floating-rate loans or interest rate swaps, there is no necessity to perform sensitivity analyses.
The Group constantly monitors the risk of possible liquidity bottlenecks, taking into account the probable maturities of its financial liabilities and the timing of the expected cash flows from operating activities. The Group counters potential liquidity risk by taking up largely long-term financing. Appropriate corporate planning is used to constantly monitor short-term financing components. Please refer to Note 28 for disclosures on the maturities of contractual cash flows.
The COVID-19 crisis has led to greater focus being placed on liquidity planning and management. The financial and liquidity planning apparatus that has been in place for many years considers a variety of planning scenarios and different premises, and is regularly adjusted to account for current conditions. Weekly target/actual comparisons enable Borussia Dortmund to devise and implement suitable liquidity management measures if necessary. The temporary salary waiver by the management, the players, the coaching staff and senior executives, as well as the reduction of the repair and maintenance budget and the reduction of capital expenditures have had a positive effect on the Company's liquidity situation.
The Group conducts business exclusively with third parties of high credit standing. Concentrations of credit risk can arise in the context of a player transfer and from long-term sponsorship agreements. Such concentrations of risk are monitored in the course of the Group's operating activities.
The maximum credit risk in the event of counterparty default is equal to the carrying amount of these instruments. Please refer to Note 25.