Annual Report 2022/2023

Derecognition of financial assets and financial liabilities

Financial assets

A financial asset is derecognised when the contractual rights to receive the cash flows from the asset expire or the financial asset is transferred to another party. The latter case is deemed to have occurred when all significant risks and rewards associated with ownership of the asset have been transferred or when the control over the asset has been relinquished.

Financial liabilities

A financial liability is derecognised when the obligation underlying this liability is discharged or cancelled or expires. In cases where an existing financial liability is exchanged against another financial liability of the same lender with substantially different terms and conditions or if the terms and conditions of an existing liability are materially modified, such exchange or modification is treated as a derecognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability. Any difference between the relevant carrying amounts is recognised in profit or loss.

Financial assets and liabilities are offset against one another and the net balance is presented in the consolidated statement of financial position if an entity a) has a legally enforceable right to set off the recognised amounts, and b) intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realise the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

Deferred taxes

Deferred taxes are recognised for all temporary differences between the tax base of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the IFRS financial statements (liability method). However, if in the course of a transaction which is not a business combination a deferred tax asset or liability arises from the initial recognition of an asset or liability which, at the time of the transaction, affects neither the accounting nor the taxable profit or loss, the deferred tax asset or liability is neither recognised at the date of initial recognition nor afterwards.

Deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that taxable profits will be available against which the temporary difference can be utilised. Deferred tax assets are also recognised for tax loss carry-forwards that can be utilised in subsequent periods, provided it is sufficiently probable that the deferred tax asset will be recoverable.

Deferred taxes relating to items recognised directly in other comprehensive income are also recognised in other comprehensive income.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are netted against each other where the Group has a legally enforceable right to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities, and the deferred tax assets and liabilities relate to income taxes levied by the same taxation authority on the same taxable entity.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured on the basis of the tax laws adopted by the Bundestag and ratified by the Bundesrat as at the end of the reporting period using a rate of income tax of 32.81% (previous year: 32.81%).


Inventories consist principally of goods held by the subsidiary company BVB Merchandising GmbH. Inventories are measured at cost less any individual allowances for goods whose cost may not be recoverable.

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash includes cash on hand, cheques and balances with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible to a known amount of cash or convertible to a known amount of cash within a period of less than three months and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value. Cash and cash equivalents are measured initially at fair value and subsequently at amortised cost.

Ordinary shares

The costs directly attributable to the issue of ordinary shares are deducted from equity (net of taxes, if applicable).

Treasury shares

The full amount paid for the purchase of treasury shares is reported as an item deducted from equity. The Company has the right to reissue treasury shares purchased by it at a later date. Proceeds of resale in excess of cost are added to capital reserves, while shortfalls are taken to retained earnings.


Provisions must be recognised where a present legal or constructive obligation arises from a past event, which is expected to result in an outflow of resources and whose amount can be reliably estimated.

The Group applies these accounting procedures when recognising provisions for litigation and liability risks. The Group makes assumptions when determining the probability that liability will arise, the amount of any claims that could be asserted and the duration of any legal proceedings.

The recognition and measurement of provisions for litigation and liability risks entail uncertainty. The outcome of court proceedings in particular is difficult to predict. Therefore, provisions are measured on the basis of the best estimate of the liability and are recognised at the amount that will most likely be needed to settle the obligation as at the reporting date.

Financial liabilities

Under IFRS 9, financial liabilities include borrowings and are recognised initially at fair value plus transaction costs directly attributable to the issue of the financial liabilities. Other financial liabilities are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method, where interest expense is measured in accordance with the effective interest rate. Please refer to Notes 11, 12, 13, 14 and 26 et seq. for information on the provision of collateral and further disclosures on financial liabilities.

Prepaid expenses and deferred income

Prepaid expenses and deferred income are recognised and apportioned on a straight-line basis over their term to allocate payments made on an accrual basis.

Recognition of income and expenses

Revenue is measured on the basis of the consideration set out in contracts with customers. The Group recognises revenue when (or as) it transfers control over a good or a service to a customer.

Type of product/service




Revenue recognition in accordance with IFRS 15

Match operations


Ticket proceeds


Revenue is recognised at a point in time (date of match).



Sponsorship agreements


Revenue is recognised over time in line with the term of the agreement; performance-based bonuses are recognised at a point in time.

TV marketing


Centralised national/international TV marketing


Revenue is recognised over time; performance-based bonuses are recognised at a point in time.



Sale of fan merchandise/granting of licences


Revenue from fan merchandise is recognised at a point in time. Revenue from licences is recognised over time in line with the term of agreement.

Conference, catering, miscellaneous


Related to match-day operations


Revenue is recognised at a point in time.

Transfer proceeds are recognised as the net gain on disposal, adjusted for any expenses incurred in connection with the derecognition of residual carrying amounts and other gains on the derecognition of liabilities and presented separately in the “net transfer income” item in the statement of comprehensive income.

Interest income and expenses are allocated to the period to which they relate, taking into account the outstanding amount of the loan and the effective interest rate to be applied. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash payments or receipts through the expected life of the financial instrument or, when appropriate, a shorter period to the net carrying amount of the financial asset or financial liability.

Operating expenses are recognised when the goods or services are utilised or at the date the expenses are incurred.

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10th match day / 16.10.2022

Union Berlin - BVB 2:0

Sporting Highlights